The first initiative to document historic and cultural sites associated with the LGBT community in New York City, illustrating the richness of the city's history and the community's influence on America.
Transy House was a transgender collective operated by Rusty Mae Moore and Chelsea Goodwin from 1995 to 2008. It provided shelter for trans and gender non-conforming people in need, served as a center for trans activism, and was the last residence of pioneering LGBT rights activist Sylvia Rivera.
In 1995, trans women Rusty Mae Moore (b. 1941) and Chelsea Goodwin (b. 1959) founded Transy House in this Park Slope rowhouse, which Moore owned and where they lived as a couple. Originally intended as a communal living space for their friends, Transy House became a safe haven for all trans and gender non-conforming people who had been kicked out of their homes, had dropped out of school, or were refused housing at men’s and women’s shelters. It housed as many as 13 people at a time and operated until 2008.
The house was also a center for political activism beginning in 1996. Moore and Goodwin were active in the Metropolitan Gender Network (MGN) and the National Transgender Advocacy Coalition (NTAC), and were among those who fought for transgender inclusion in gay and lesbian rights legislation at the city and state levels.
The inspiration for Transy House came in part from STAR House, a former refuge for homeless transgender youth that operated from about November 1970 to July 1971. Founded by LGBT rights activists and trans women of color Sylvia Rivera (1951-2002) and Marsha P. Johnson (1945-1992) over a year after the Stonewall uprising, STAR – which stood for Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries – had its first permanent home in a now-demolished East Village tenement at 213 East 2nd Street.
Of STAR House, Rivera said in 1979, “We had a STAR House–a place for all of us to sleep. It was only four rooms, and the landlord had turned the electricity off. So we lived there by candlelight, a floating bunch of 15 to 25 queens, cramped in those rooms with all our wardrobe. But it worked.”
Perhaps fittingly, Transy House would be Rivera’s last residence, from c. 1997 to her 2002 death. Here, she found support for her advocacy work that she had not had earlier in her life. In a 1999 interview, she shared, “Everybody [at Transy House] calls me Ma – Ma Sylvia. We help everybody that we can and we get involved in everything that we can: Matthew Shepard, Diallo, Louima. We just go all over getting arrested.”
Architect or Builder: Unknown Year Built: c. 1860s
Deborah Rudacille, The Riddle of Gender: Science, Activism, and Transgender Rights (New York: Anchor Books, 2005). [source of pull quote] Stephan L. Cohen, The Gay Liberation Youth Movement in New York: “An Army of Lovers Cannot Fail” (New York: Routledge, 2008). “Sylvia Rivera,” Sound Portraits Productions, www.soundportraits.org, 1999. [source of Rivera quote] Z.A. Martohardjono, Changing House, Frameline, 2009.
Christopher D. Brazee/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, 2016.