Located in Zhongzheng District, the Taipei Botanical Garden is Taiwan’s first botanical garden. It’s also part of the Nanhai Academy, a collection of cultural and educational facilities located on Nanhai Road. The garden was first built as a nursery in 1896 during the Japanese colonial period. The nursery was expanded and renamed the Taipei Botanical Garden in 1921. The garden has been managed by the Taiwan Forestry Research Institute since WWII.
The garden is around 20 acres in size and has a collection of over 2,000 plant species. 17 sections including Gymnosperms, Ferns, Taxonomic Garden, Ethno-plants, Aquatic plants, Lotus pond, Taiwan Indigenous Plant Display Area and other themed exhibitions. exhibiting different plants. The garden also has nine ponds designed to grow different plants. Because of the garden’s diverse collection, it’s one of the most important institutes for the research and education of plants in Taiwan.
But interestingly, the Botanical Garden attracts another field outside of plants; archaeology. Around 4,500 years ago, Taipei had a lake and humans lived in the surrounding land. Their activities left behind cultural artifacts that are crucial to understanding life in Taiwan at that time. Today, the Botanical Garden is known as an important archaeological site.
Visitors can also find two historic monuments in the garden, the Herbarium and Museum of Imperial Envoy Lodging (formerly known as the Guest House of Imperial Envoys). The Herbarium was built in 1924 and holds plants from around the world, some of which date from the 20th Century. The Guest House of Imperial Envoys was built in 1888 and moved to its current location in the garden in 1933.
The garden is accessible within walking distance West from Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall Station of the Taipei Metro.
Post cover photo "Black-crowned Night Heron, Taipei Botanical Garden" by pondhawk is licensed under CC BY 2.0.