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Lesbian publisher and editor Margaret C. Anderson (1886-1973) moved to Chicago in 1908 and in 1914 founded the profoundly important avant-garde literary magazine, The Little Review. In 1916, Anderson met Jane Heap (1887-1964) and the two women became lovers and co-editors of the magazine.
The Little Review published some of the most important writers and thinkers of the time — Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, William Carlos Williams, Jean Cocteau, Emma Goldman, Max Ernst, etc. In 1918, when the magazine began to serialize James Joyce's Ulysses, Anderson and Heap were arrested on obscenity charges, fingerprinted, and fined.
The final issue of The Little Review was published in 1929. Anderson died of emphysema at age 86 in 1973. Anderson and Heap were both inducted into the Chicago LGBT Hall of Fame in 2006. The Chicago Tribute Markers of Distinction for Margaret C. Anderson is located outside her former home at 837 W. Ainslie Street, Chicago, IL 60640.