The first initiative to document historic and cultural sites associated with the LGBT community in New York City, illustrating the richness of the city's history and the community's influence on America.
This street sign in Jackson Heights commemorates Julio Rivera, a gay Puerto Rican man who in 1990 was brutally attacked by three skinheads in the nearby schoolyard and soon after died from his injuries. Rivera’s murder mobilized LGBT activism in Queens, resulting in the borough’s first successful gay public demonstration and the formation of several community groups and the Queens Pride Parade. It also became the first gay hate crime to be tried in New York State.
Julio Rivera (1961-1990), a 29-year-old Puerto Rican bartender raised in the Bronx, was living in Jackson Heights when, on July 2, 1990, three skinheads from a local street gang brutally attacked him in the schoolyard of P.S. 69 because he was gay. He later died at Elmhurst Hospital. In his memory, the Julio Rivera Corner street sign, just outside the school property at the southwest corner of 78th Street and 37th Avenue, was installed in 2000.
Since the 1920s, Jackson Heights has been home to one of the largest LGBT communities in New York City, but at the time of the attack LGBT activism was largely non-existent in then-socially conservative Queens. That changed beginning with Rivera’s murder, which current City Council Member Daniel Dromm, who proposed the street sign, has called part of “Queens’s Stonewall.”
Tommy Grimaldi, owner of the Magic Touch, a popular Jackson Heights gay bar, and Alan Sack, Rivera’s friend and former lover – and one of the people to find him dying on the sidewalk – contacted the New York City Gay and Lesbian Anti-Violence Project (now the NYC Anti-Violence Project; AVP) the morning after Rivera died. Working with AVP’s then-executive director Matt Foreman, Sack later attended a Queer Nation meeting at the LGBT Community Center in Manhattan and gave an impassioned plea for help in organizing a vigil. Ed Sedarbaum, a gay rights activist and social worker from Jackson Heights, became highly involved after attending this meeting. Planning for the vigil largely took place in the basement of the Magic Touch. On August 18, 1990, six weeks after Rivera’s murder, his friends and family, members of the Latino (largely Puerto Rican) community, AVP, the Julio Rivera Anti-Violence Coalition, and Queer Nation, which brought hundreds of LGBT New Yorkers, participated in a silent candlelight vigil in Jackson Heights.
Considered the first successful gay public demonstration in Queens, the vigil was significant in expanding LGBT activism beyond Manhattan and connecting activists in both boroughs. It also marked the first time that the gay community took a stand against homophobic hate crimes in Queens, which had included the deaths of at least six people and numerous gay bashings over several decades, and demanded that law enforcement finally address gay bias attacks (the police, for example, initially labeled Rivera’s murder as drug-related and assigned the case to an out-of-town detective). Additional advocacy efforts, such as two separate demonstrations in October 1990 to pressure Mayor David Dinkins into publicly acknowledging the murder, ultimately made Rivera’s case the first gay hate crime to be tried in New York State. Reaction to his death also led to the formation of several important organizations, some of which include Queens Gays and Lesbians United (Q-GLU), the Lesbian and Gay Democratic Club of Queens, and Queens Pride House. Sedarbaum, co-founder of Q-GLU, worked with AVP to develop a training program for the 115th Police Precinct to help improve the relationship between the police and the LGBT community. Rivera’s sister-in-law, Peg Rivera, became a tireless advocate for LGBT issues and was the first ally elected to AVP’s board of directors. In 1993, the Queens Lesbian and Gay Pride Committee established the Queens Pride Parade, with a route that includes what is now known as Julio Rivera Corner.
Andy Humm, “Tears for Julio Rivera 25 Years After his Murder,” Gay City News, July 9, 2015. [source of pull quote] Bill Parry, “Julio Rivera’s 1990 Murder to Be Remembered in Jackson Heights,” Gay City News, June 30, 2015. David Gonzalez, “At Site of Gay Man’s Murder, a Street Corner Acknowledges Its Past,” The New York Times, March 20, 2016. Eric Pooley, “With Extreme Prejudice: A Murder in Queens Exposes the Frightening Rise of Gay-Bashing,” New York Magazine, April 8, 1991, pp. 36-43. Jeremiah Moss, “Julio of Jackson Heights,” Jeremiah’s Vanishing New York, March 18, 2011. Joseph P. Fried, “2 Accomplices Guilty of Murder in ‘Gay Bashing’ Case in Queens,” The New York Times, November 21, 1991. Luis Gallo, “Julio Rivera and the Making of a Hate Crime,” Latino USA, June 24, 2016. Matt Foreman, e-mail to Ken Lustbader/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, September 10, 2018. Richard Shpuntoff, Julio of Jackson Heights, documentary, 2016. Richard Shpuntoff, phone call with Amanda Davis/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, July 17, 2018.
Christopher D. Brazee/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, 2016.