Go Explore: White Point Garden

White Point Garden 2 Murray Blvd

SEMC Scavenger Hunt/Go Explore: White Point Garden
Written By SEMC

Join us In Charleston, South Carolina IN 2019! Don't forget to save the dates and mark your calendars for SEMC 2019, October 21-23!

White Point Garden

Welcome to SEMC Day 2! Today we start by exploring some nature! Wander over to White Point Garden for your next challenge.

Introduction: White Point Garden

Located right in the heart of the historic district, White Point Garden offers scenic views of the Fort Sumter and Charleston Harbor. The park itself has a lot of natural wonders to offer: views of the ocean, shady oak trees, oyster shell paths, and gentle breezes. The park also has a gazebo and plenty of park benches, so no matter where you are, there is always a comfortable spot to find. Take a walk through Charleston's oldest public park and let the natural and man-made wonders pull you into a deep state of awe. White Point Garden is iconic for being Charleston's first public park. As such, it has a long, exciting history. It is a waterfront park located on the Charleston Battery, which is a raised seawall and promenade. White Point was originally named South Bay, then Oyster Point due to the abundance of oysters that lined the coastline. It was finally named White Point in 1837. The beginnings of White Point Garden can be traced back to 1837 when Charleston purchased a portion of the land at White Point to create a public park. The park was extended even further in 1855, tracing its way along the waterfront. The following video gives a brief tour of the different areas of White Point Garden.

Cannons & Memorials

There is much to see at White Point Garden such as statues, cannons, and monuments. One monument commemorates the infamous pirate Stede Bonnet, who was hanged in the area, along with fifty other outlaws during the 1720s. Another monument in the park is the Defenders of Charleston monument. It was put in place in 1932 by the Charleston Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. It was meant to remember those who defended Fort Sumter during the Civil War. The park also has Revolutionary and Civil War-era cannons on display throughout the park. One of the Revolutionary cannons is fake, however, and was installed as a joke in 1933. The next video shows different parts of the park.

Learn about Stede Bonnet

Stede Bonnet (1688 – 10 December 1718) was an early eighteenth-century Barbadian pirate, sometimes called "The Gentleman Pirate" because he was a moderately wealthy landowner before turning to a life of crime. Bonnet was born into a wealthy English family on the island of Barbados, and inherited the family estate after his father's death in 1694. In 1709, he married Mary Allamby and engaged in some level of militia service. Because of marital problems, and despite his lack of sailing experience, Bonnet decided he should turn to piracy in the summer of 1717. He bought a sailing vessel, named it Revenge, and traveled with his paid crew along the Eastern Seaboard of what is now the United States, capturing other vessels and burning other Barbadian ships.

Bonnet set sail for Nassau, Bahamas, to the haven for pirates known as the "pirates' republic", but he was seriously wounded en route during an encounter with a Spanish warship. After arriving in Nassau, Bonnet met Edward Teach, the infamous pirate Blackbeard. Incapable of leading his crew, Bonnet temporarily ceded his ship's command to Blackbeard. Before separating in December 1717, Blackbeard and Bonnet plundered and captured merchant ships along the East Coast. After Bonnet failed to capture the Protestant Caesar, his crew abandoned him to join Blackbeard aboard the Queen Anne's Revenge. Bonnet stayed on Blackbeard's ship as a guest, and did not command a crew again until summer 1718 when he was pardoned by North Carolina governor Charles Eden and received clearance to go privateering against Spanish shipping. Bonnet was tempted to resume his piracy but did not want to lose his pardon, so he adopted the alias "Captain Thomas" and changed his ship's name to Royal James. He had returned to piracy by July 1718. In August 1718, Bonnet anchored the Royal James on an estuary of the Cape Fear River to careen and repair the ship. In late August and September, Colonel William Rhett, with the authorization of South Carolina governor Robert Johnson, led a naval expedition against pirates on the river. Rhett and Bonnet's men fought each other for hours, but the outnumbered pirates ultimately surrendered. Rhett arrested the pirates and brought them to Charles Town in early October. Bonnet escaped on 24 October but was recaptured on Sullivan's Island. On 10 November, Bonnet was brought to trial and charged with two acts of piracy. Judge Nicholas Trott sentenced Bonnet to death. Bonnet wrote to Governor Johnson to ask for clemency, but Johnson endorsed the judge's decision, and Bonnet was hanged in Charles Town on 10 December 1718.

Your Challenge

Find the monument to Stede Bonnet. Once you find the monument, fill in the missing blank in this sentence and use it to unlock the next puzzle. Stede Bonnet, Notorious “_________ Pirate”.

Bonus Point

Share your favorite image from White Point Garden on Facebook. Include #semc2019 and tag @VAMONDE for a chance to get an additional entry for the prize.

Cover Picture by TranceMist on Flickr. Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0) Learn about Stede Bonnet- Information sourced from Wikipedia.

What are the first and last initial of the artist behind the Linked exhibit?

SEMC Scavenger Hunt

Go Explore: White Point Garden

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