Fort Monroe

Fort Monroe Hampton

American Evolution 2019
Written By American Evolution 2019

AMERICAN EVOLUTION™ commemorates the 400th anniversary of several key historical events that occurred in Virginia in 1619 that continue to influence America today. Featured events, programs, and legacy projects inspire local, national, and international engagement in the themes of democracy, diversity, and opportunity.

An Impressive Fort with an Enduring Legacy

Perhaps no site is more significant than this place where African slavery both began in Virginia and started its demise 242 years later. In August 1619 the English ship White Lion arrived here with “20. and odd Negroes” seized from a Portuguese vessel. Officials traded food for people who were likely taken from the kingdom of Ndongo. Some (or perhaps all) of the captives were taken to Jamestown, where they were sold into slavery. Forced migration in the following decades included servitude and slavery even before Virginia officials fully institutionalized slavery in the 1600s.

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Cover Photo by dbking via Wikimedia Commons

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400 Years of Virginia History

Fort Monroe

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