Confucius Temple, first built in 1879, is dedicated to three Confucian principles: family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and a version of the universal golden rule, “do not do unto others what you do not want done unto yourself.” The original temple, built during the Qing Dynasty, was destroyed during the Japanese colonial rule that followed. Architect Wang Yi-Shun rebuilt the temple in 1930, which had only been in use for a few years when World War II broke out. The Japanese then re-asserted control and played their traditional Shinto music in the temple until 1945, when Japan surrendered to the Republic of China (ROC). Take a look around the temple in the video below!
ROC was the government for all of modern-day China until the communist revolution of 1949. Its leader, Chaing Kai-shek, fled to Taiwan, and the ROC remains as the governing authority there today. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, ROC successfully transitioned from a nationalist dictatorship to a multi-party democracy. It's now one of the most developed and politically free countries in Asia.
“Wise men focus on the development of basics first. When the basic foundations are strong, moral, virtuous character is birthed. Respecting our elders and friends is the basis of love and compassion.” These words of the 5th-6th Century Chinese sage Confucius are the basic pillar upon which one of the world’s most consequential civilizations built itself. One of the “Three Teachings,” along with Taoism and Buddhism, which form the basis of traditional Chinese life, Confucian philosophy emphasizes personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, and concepts of justice and sincerity.
Cover Photo By Zairon - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67225243